Risk Factors

Although the exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, research has shown that men with certain risk factors are more likely than others to develop prostate cancer. Having a risk factor doesn’t mean that you will get prostate cancer, but rather you are at greater risk of developing the disease.

Age: The chance of acquiring prostate cancer increases with age. Men over the age of 45 have a higher risk than younger men.

Family History: Prostate cancer risk is approximately 2 to 3 times greater for men whose fathers or brothers have had the disease. Prostate cancer risk also appears to be slightly higher for men whose mothers or sisters have had breast cancer.

Race: Prostate cancer is more common in African American men than in Caucasians or Hispanics. It is less common in Asian and American Indian men.

Diet: Some studies suggest that men who eat a diet high in animal fat or red meat may be at increased risk for prostate cancer. Men who eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables may have a lower risk.

“What you need to know about Prostate Cancer”. National Institute of Health, 2005.
“Understanding Prostate Changes”. National Institute of Health, 2004.